Work stressors, alcohol consumption and risk of mental emotional problem

Ivana Tanoko, Muchtaruddin Mansyur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Mental emotional problem in workers may reduce work productivity. It is therefore necessary to identify the risk factors for mental emotional problem in chemical industry workers. Methods: In this cross sectional study subjects were selected purposively among chemical industry workers in Banten (Indonesia) who performed medical check up (MCU) at the end of 2010. Data collected included demographics, habits (smoking, sport, alcohol consumption), work (work stressors, shift work), fasting blood sugar levels, and psycho-psychiatric examination. Results: Subjects with and without mental emotional problem seemed equally distributed in terms of gender, age, smoking habits, sport, work system, as well as fasting blood sugar levels. Subjects who
consumed alcohol than who did not consume alcohol had 2.3 times risk to be having a mental emotional problem [adjusted relative risk (RRa) = 2.26; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.89 - 8.83, P = 0.114]. In addition, compared with workers who experienced light work stressors, workers who experienced moderate or severe work stressors had increased risk to be distress. Subjects who had moderate work stressors than mild work stressors had 67% higher risk to be mental emotional problem (RRa = 1.67; P = 0.022). Whereas subjects who had severe work stressors than mild had a 3.6-fold risk to be mental emotional problem (RRa = 3.56, P = 0.031). Compared with workers who had a normal body mass index (BMI), the obese 1 workers only who related to mental emotional problem which was 38% less to be mental emotional problem (RRa = 0.62; P = 0.031). Conclusion: Work stressors as well as heavy alcohol consumption increased the risk of mental emotional problem in chemical industry workers.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHealth Science Journal of Indonesia
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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