Vision-related quality of life among released from treatment cases of leprosy evaluated with NEI-VFQ-25: a cross-sectional study

Yunia Irawati, Gitalisa Andayani, Tri Rahayu, Hindun Zakiyah, Dewinta Retno Kurniawardhani, Carennia Paramita, Anna Puspitasari Bani, Hisar Daniel, Made Susiyanti, Yeni Dwi Lestari, Dewi Friska, Sri Linuwih Menaldi, Melinda Harini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: People with leprosy who have been declared Release From Treatment (RFT) are often not aware of the leprosy sequelae possibility which can decrease their quality of life. This could be because they have been adapting for a long time hence they do not feel the need to see physicians. This study seeks to compare the results of Vision-Related Quality of Life (VR-QoL) among RFT persons based on the National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire–25 (NEI-VFQ-25) and WHO grading disability based on physical examination. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 325 RFT subjects from leprosy communities (Singkawang, West Kalimantan and Tangerang, Banten) was conducted between 2018 and 2019. We used the NEI-VFQ-25 questionnaire that had been validated and translated into Indonesian and distributed to the leprosy population. Relationships and comparisons among variables were evaluated using Kruskal–Wallis and Mann–Whitney tests. Results: There were three main results: The median composite score of VR-QoL for WHO grade 0, 1, and 2 disabilities has decreased by 13%, 25.5%, and 30% of the maximum value, respectively. Of the total, eleven subscales were statistically significant between WHO grading disability and VR-QoL based on the NEI-VFQ-25 (p < 0.05). The comparison between grade 0 and grade 2 disability in all subscales was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The grade of disability is related to their VR-QoL assessment using the NEI-VFQ-25 questionnaire. Thus, it can be used as an initial screening in primary healthcare settings to increase awareness of disability before a thorough physical examination.

Original languageEnglish
Article number398
JournalBMC Ophthalmology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • Disability
  • Leprosy
  • Quality of life
  • Visual functioning questionnaire
  • Visual impairment


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