Viral Anterior Uveitis: A Practical and Comprehensive Review of Diagnosis and Treatment

Yun Feng, Ruby Garcia, William Rojas-Carabali, Carlos Cifuentes-González, Ikhwanuliman Putera, Jingyi Li, Rina La Distia Nora, Padmamalini Mahendradas, Vishali Gupta, Alejandra de-la-Torre, Rupesh Agrawal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Anterior uveitis is the most common type of uveitis worldwide. The etiologies of anterior uveitis can be divided into infectious and non-infectious (idiopathic, autoimmune, autoinflammatory, trauma, and others). The viral pathogens most commonly associated with infectious anterior uveitis include Herpes Simplex Virus, Varicella-Zoster Virus, Cytomegalovirus, and Rubella Virus. Other emerging causes of viral anterior uveitis are West Nile Virus, Human-Immunodeficiency Virus, Epstein-Barr Virus, Parechovirus, Dengue Virus, Chikungunya Virus, and Human Herpesvirus type 6,7, and 8. Early recognition allows prompt management and mitigates its potential ocular complications. This article provides an updated literature review of the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnostic tools, and treatment options for viral anterior uveitis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOcular Immunology and Inflammation
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • anterior uveitis
  • diagnosis
  • treatment
  • Uveitis
  • viral uveitis

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