Varicocele and male infertility conundrum: Making sense of a never-ending story for the busy clinician

Parviz Kavoussi, Ponco Birowo, Ramadan Saleh, Rupin Shah, Ashok Agarwal

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate


Background: Varicocele is a common occurrence, particularly among men with primary and secondary infertility. There has been extensive research into the management of varicocele in the context of male infertility. Methods: This article aims to explore the variations in clinical practice in diagnosing and managing varicoceles in infertile men. A summary of the current recommendations on varicocele management from professional societies is included. Results: Substantial gaps in knowledge persist regarding varicoceles and male infertility, with significant variation in clinical approaches, despite the wealth of existing data in the medical literature. Conclusion: The existing literature leaves many questions surrounding varicocele management in infertile men unanswered. This lack of clarity contributes to the ongoing controversy among clinicians in the field. New research is essential to address these contentious points and areas of debate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalArab Journal of Urology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Male infertility
  • oligoasthenoteratozoospermia
  • varicocele
  • varicocele repair


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