Validity and Reliability of the Patient Assessment of Constipation: Symptoms (PAC-SYM ©) in the Indonesian Language

M. Abdullah, H. Maulahela, A. P. Utari, P. D. Kusumo, A. Soebandrio, I. Achmad, A. William, D. Makmun

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: Constipation is a very subjective symptom experienced by patients. Although ROME-IV could be used for diagnosis of functional constipation, it could not assess treatment response. The Patient Assessment of Constipation - Symptoms (PAC-SYM

Original languageEnglish
Article number012060
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
Event1st International Conference on Smart City Innovation, ICSCI 2018 - Bandung, Indonesia
Duration: 25 Oct 201826 Oct 2018


  • constipation severity
  • Indonesia
  • reliability
  • symptoms
  • validity

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