Utilization of durian shell waste in the preparation of activated carbon by using K2CO3as chemical activator

Yuliusman, Salma Amaliani Putri, Samson Patar Sipangkar, Mufiid Fatkhurrahman, Fadel Al Farouq

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Activated carbon is one of the solutions to overcome the cigarette smoke problem where durian shell waste is chosen as the base material. Durian shell waste is chosen because it has a high cellulose, lignin and starch content, plus its production reaches 746.805 thousand tons per year. Activated carbon from Durian shell waste will be firstly processed with cleaning, drying, and semi-carbonizing at 200°C for 3 hours with 12.5% yield. The step continued with chemical activation by K2CO3 with variations in impregnation, which are 1:1, 3:2, and 2:1. Next, the activated carbon is physically activated by using a temperature of 600°C with N2 stream of 200 ml/min. Activated carbon as a result of activation and modified activated carbon are then characterized by Iodine Number test and SEM test. As a result, activated carbon with K2CO3 3:2 had the largest iodine number with 414.43 mg/g and after it was physically activated, the 3:2 variation was still had the largest iodine number with 579.49 mg/g.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference, i-TREC 2019
EditorsEny Kusrini, I. Gde Dharma Nugraha
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735420144
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2020
Event4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference 2019, i-TREC 2019 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 14 Aug 201916 Aug 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2255
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference 2019, i-TREC 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityBali
Period14/08/1916/08/19

Keywords

  • activated carbon
  • durian shell
  • iodine test
  • potassium carbonate
  • SEM test

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