Utilization of duck eggshell and chicken eggshell as catalyst for biodiesel synthesis from waste cooking oil

R. D. Muhammad, A. Umar, B. Budiawan, R. Bakri, R. Sihombing

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Nowadays, the increasing need for energy fuels threatens up to the extinction of fossil fuels and increases pollution. Therefore, it is necessary to develop alternative energy that is environmentally friendly and easily produced such as biodiesel. Biodiesel can be produced from substances that contain fatty acids through transesterification reaction with alcohol and base catalysts. In this study, used waste cooking oil is used as a source of fatty acids and CaO catalysts synthesized from duck eggshells and chicken eggshells. The result shows that the transesterification reaction worked optimally with 5 % weight of catalyst, 600 W of microwave energy, 40 seconds of reaction time and methanol to oil molar ratio of 1:15. The biodiesel products obtained were characterized by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and were a methyl ester compound such as methyl palmitate, methyl stearate, methyl 9-octadecenoate, methyl 2-hydroxy hexanoate and hydroxypropyl methyl oleic.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences, ISCPMS 2018
EditorsTerry Mart, Djoko Triyono, Ivandini T. Anggraningrum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735419155
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2019
Event4th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2018, ISCPMS 2018 - Depok, Indonesia
Duration: 30 Oct 201831 Oct 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2168
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2018, ISCPMS 2018
CountryIndonesia
CityDepok
Period30/10/1831/10/18

Keywords

  • biodiesel
  • CaO
  • eggshell
  • transesterification
  • Waste cooking oil

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