Use of a double condenser in a dehumidifier with a spray dryer for Vitamin A extraction in tomato as a heat-sensitive material

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spray dryers are commonly operated at a high temperature (>100°C), which becomes an obstacle for heat-sensitive materials. In this study, a refrigeration system that uses evaporator as dehumidifier and that recovers the heat released from the first condenser to preheat the drying air was utilised to reduce the drying temperature. Results showed that the degradation of vitamin A (measured with the high performance liquid chromatography method) in tomato increased significantly when the drying air temperature increased from 90°C to 120°C, and it cannot be controlled at a temperature higher than 120°C. At an air flow rate of 450 lpm, the drying capacity at a drying air temperature of 60°C (with refrigeration, humidity ratio of 0.005 [kg H2O / kg dry air]) is equal to the drying capacity at a drying air temperature of 120°C (without refrigeration, humidity ratio of 0.021 [kg H2O / kg dry air]). The drying capacity at a drying air temperature of 90°C (with refrigeration) even becomes 1.5 times the drying capacity at a drying air temperature of 120°C (without refrigeration). The combination of a spray dryer system with a refrigeration system (double condenser) is therefore beneficial for drying heat-sensitive materials, such as vitamin A.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreen Process, Material, and Energy
Subtitle of host publicationA Sustainable Solution for Climate Change - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Engineering, Technology, and Industrial Application, ICETIA 2016
EditorsHari Prasetyo, Wisnu Setiawan, Fajar Suryawan, Munajat Tri Nugroho, Tri Widayatno, Nurul Hidayati, Eko Setiawan
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415294
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2017
Event3rd International Conference on Engineering, Technology, and Industrial Application - Green Process, Material, and Energy: A Sustainable Solution for Climate Change, ICETIA 2016 - Surakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 7 Dec 20168 Dec 2016

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1855
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference3rd International Conference on Engineering, Technology, and Industrial Application - Green Process, Material, and Energy: A Sustainable Solution for Climate Change, ICETIA 2016
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CitySurakarta
Period7/12/168/12/16

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