Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells combined with secretome for treating congenital pseudarthrosis of the Tibia: a case series

Aryadi Kurniawan, Muhammad Deryl Ivansyah, Ismail Hadisoebroto Dilogo, Witantra Dhamar Hutami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Most patients with congenital pseudoarthrosis of tibia (CPT) do not have promising outcomes despite multiple attempts using conventional surgeries. The combination of umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells and conditioned medium (secretome) contains major components pivotal for the enhancement of fracture healing. The purpose of this study was to address fracture healing in CPT cases that were treated using the combined implantation of umbilical-cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) and secretome. Materials and Methods: From 2016 to 2017, six patients with CPT who were treated by one senior pediatric orthopedic consultant at a single center (3 girls and 3 boys; mean age of 5.8 years) were included in this case series. A combined procedure including resection of hamartomatous fibrotic tissue, implantation of MSCs and secretome, and fixation using a locking plate and screws was performed. Patients were followed up for a mean of 29 months. Leg-length discrepancy, refracture rate, functional outcome, and radiological outcomes were assessed preoperatively, immediately postoperatively and at the final follow-up. Result: Five out of 6 (83%) of the patients experienced primary union. One patient experienced refracture; however, 8 months later, after another implantation and reconstruction were performed, union eventually occurred. Significant functional improvement was achieved after at least 1 year of follow-up. Conclusion : This case series suggests that the combination of secretome and UC-MSCs is a potential treatment for CPT, it highlights the efficacy of the combined procedure in treating CPT and in achieving satisfying results. A larger number of subjects and longer follow-up are required for further study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2881-2888
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology
Volume33
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • Case series
  • Combined procedure
  • Congenital pseudoarthrosis of the tibia (CPT)
  • Pediatrics
  • Secretome
  • Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs)

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