Introduction and importance: Congenital scoliosis is abnormal vertebral column growth and development during embryogenesis. The most common type of congenital scoliosis is failure of growth which is called as hemivertebra. However, the recent surgical treatment of hemivertebra has several complications especially in young patient. The mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been used to treat several bone problems including bone defect and may be have potential to treat the defect in hemiverterbra. We reported a hemivertebra treated by umbilical cord-derived MSCs (UC-MSCs). Case presentation: A two-year-old boy presented with scoliosis deformity. The mother noticed the patient's deformity when he was 10th month of age as he learned to stand and progressed since then. There were no growth and development problems. On physical examination, the patient appeared to have scoliosis at lumbar level with bending to the right and asymmetry of waist fold with left shoulder depression. Based on X-ray and CT-Scan investigations, the patient was diagnosed with single fully segmented hemivertebra at 3rd lumbar level. 20 × 106 UC-MSCs were implanted into the bone defect of hemivertebra. Clinical discussion: At three-year follow-up, the X-ray and MRI investigations showed a decrease of Cobb angle and increase of hemivertebra ratio. These findings may be due to improvement of the bone defect, which is consistent with several studies that MSCs have abilities to promote bone formation by maintaining the osteoblast cells and improving vascularization. Conclusion: We found that MSCs therapy for hemivertebra represent a potential therapy to correct scoliosis curvature and prevent further curvature. Further clinical studies are required to investigate the efficacy of this therapy in hemivertebra.
- Case report
- Congenital scoliosis
- Hemivertebra defect
- Umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells