Treatment of Severe Dry Eye in Stevens-Johnson Syndrome with Umbilical Cord Serum Eye Drops

Made Susiyanti, Denisa Anggi Kurnia, Iqbal Fasha, Yunia Irawati, Lisnawati Rachmadi, Isabella Kurnia Liem, Widya Artini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of umbilical cord serum eye drops for dry eyes in ocular Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS). Patients and Methods: A pre-post test study with umbilical cord serum (UCS) eye drop for ocular SJS patient with moderate to severe dry eyes. Study was conducted at Kirana Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital from June 2020 to December 2020. A total of five patients (five eyes) with a diagnosis of SJS more than 6 months, dry eye symptoms, and abnormal tear stability test results were included in the study. Each patient was asked to instill UCS drop into the affected eye six times daily. Evaluation of ocular symptoms with ocular surface disease index (OSDI) questionnaires, non-invasive tear break-up time (NIBUT), Schirmer I, and keratoepithelio-pathy scores was administered before applying UCS drop and at week 2 and 4 of eye drop use. Results: From June 2020 to December 2020, five eyes of five patients were evaluated in this study. Patients were aged from 22 to 71 years old with history of SJS over periods from 1 to 35 years. Three patients underwent ocular surgeries prior to the study. After four weeks of treatment, symptoms score, Schirmer I, and keratoepitheliopathy scores improved significantly, while NIBUT scores improved insignificantly. No side effects were noted during treatment. Conclusion: Administration of UCS eye drop was effective in improving symptoms and signs of dry eye in chronic SJS patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4089-4095
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Ophthalmology
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • dry eye
  • ocular Stevens-Johnson syndrome
  • umbilical cord serum eye drop

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