Treatment of grade III knee osteoarthritis with bone marrow stimulation and intraarticular injection of triamcinolone and hyaluronic acid combination; three case report and literature review

Ariyanto Arief, Budu, Muhammad Andry Usman, Muhammad Sakti, Andri Maruli Tua Lubis, Agussalim Bukhari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction and importance: Osteoarthritis is a severe joint disease that affects more than 60% of the elderly and more common an idiopathic disease or unknown cause although there is also a secondary cause such as trauma, infection, neurological or metabolic disorders. The usual complaints that perceived by osteoarthritis patients is pain in the affected joint. Many patients and providers think of arthroplasty as the only surgical option for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. However, there are several other surgical options for osteoarthritis which can be therapeutic alternatives. The role of bone marrow stimulation and intraarticular injection with triamcinolone and Hyaluronic acid combination on grade III knee osteoarthritis patient has not been reported. Case presentation: Three patients who presented to orthopedic department with complaints of bilateral knee pain were identified with grade III osteoarthritis (Kellgren and Lawrence) receiving some kind of analgetic treatment for more than 1 year which provided pain relief for some time but not permanent. They underwent arthroscopic procedure (bone marrow stimulation) and then injected with triamcinolone and hyaluronic acid combination. Pre and post operation outcome scores (WOMAC score, Interleukin 15 and MRI) were assessed. At six-month follow-up, all patients reported improvement in pain and stiffness. WOMAC score and Interleukin 15 serum level decreases, MRI with Amadeus score showed improvement of cartilage defect. Clinical discussion: This case report showed that our three patients were successfully treated with bone marrow stimulation and intraarticular injection with triamcinolone and hyaluronic acid combination. All three patients have improved in their functional outcome, IL 15 and cartilage defect. Conclusion: Bone marrow stimulation and intraarticular injection with triamcinolone and hyaluronic acid combination can be a valuable treatment option for moderate active patients with grade III knee osteoarthritis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107177
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Volume95
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Bone marrow stimulation
  • Case report
  • Hyaluronic acid
  • Interleukin 15
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Womac score

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