Transformation of Home's Private Spaces into Gathering Spaces for Teenage Girls Neighborhood: Relationship Between Spatial Characteristics and Reasons for Presence

Erza Rahma Hajaty, Antony Sihombing, Evawani Ellisa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Architecture created without a rigid social order can provide opportunities for change, especially in the use of space. The spaces in the home basically function as private spaces, but when it becomes the primary destination for a group of people to gather, it will cause changes in the function of space. The study aims to discover the causes of the home’s private spaces transformation into gathering spaces for teenage girls. The study used a qualitative method combined with percentage calculations based on rating scales. The results show that the main gathering space characteristics consist of multifunction, limited range of motion, closed, free with privacy, and indirect access, while the support gathering space characteristics are multifunction, limited range of motion, semi-open, limited freedom without privacy, and direct-indirect access. The reasons for the presence of teenage girls consist of responsibility, preferred activities, gathering activities, freedom to consume space and time, and freedom of activity and expression together. The transformation of private spaces into gathering spaces is due to the strong relationship between the characteristics of the spaces and the reasons for the presence of teenage girls. The characteristics of the space that are the leading causes of the private space transformation into the main gathering space are closed and free with privacy, while the transformation of the private space into the support gathering space is mainly caused by the characteristic of direct-indirect access. The research results are useful for designing homes that support face-to-face social interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1350-1368
Number of pages19
JournalCivil Engineering and Architecture
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2024


  • Gathering Space
  • Home
  • Neighborhood
  • Private Space
  • Teenage Girls

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