National family planning program and other development programs have contributed to the decline of fertility and mortality levels and in turn population growth in Indonesia (Samosir 1992; Haub 1989). Under the New Order regime, in Indonesia, family planning program was initiated and supported centrally by the government. However, in the Reformed era, family planning program is decentralized to the district government. Central government still provides districts with Specific Allocation Grant (Dana Alokasi Khusus/DAK) to support population development including family planning program. This study aims to examine the association between specific allocation grant for population development and population growth rate in Indonesia. The data used came from INDODAPOER of the World Bank in 2009 covering 372 districts in Indonesia. The dependent variable in this study was the population growth rate during 2010–2015. The independent variables were the total DAK for population development, net enrollment ratio (NER) of primary school, and household expenditure for the poorest 20 percent. The data was analyzed using a multiple linear regression. The results of the study show that lower population growth rate was associated with larger DAK for population development, higher NER of primary school, and lower household expenditure for the poorest 20 percent.