Topic features for machine learning-based sentiment analysis in Indonesian tweets

Hendri Murfi, Furida Lusi Siagian, Yudi Satria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze topics as alternative features for sentiment analysis in Indonesian tweets. Design/methodology/approach: Given Indonesian tweets, the processes of sentiment analysis start by extracting features from the tweets. The features are words or topics. The authors use non-negative matrix factorization to extract the topics and apply a support vector machine to classify the tweets into its sentiment class. Findings: The authors analyze the accuracy using the two-class and three-class sentiment analysis data sets. Both data sets are about sentiments of candidates for Indonesian presidential election. The experiments show that the standard word features give better accuracies than the topics features for the two-class sentiment analysis. Moreover, the topic features can slightly improve the accuracy of the standard word features. The topic features can also improve the accuracy of the standard word features for the three-class sentiment analysis. Originality/value: The standard textual data representation for sentiment analysis using machine learning is bag of word and its extensions mainly created by natural language processing. This paper applies topics as novel features for the machine learning-based sentiment analysis in Indonesian tweets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-81
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Feature extraction
  • Nonnegative matrix factorization
  • Sentiment analysis
  • Topic detection

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