Tobacco use and its association with HPV infection in normal uterine cervix: A study from a Sustainable Development Goals perspective

Tofan W. Utami, Fitriyadi Kusuma, Hariyono Winarto, Tricia D. Anggraeni, Alexander A.W. Peters, Vivian Spaans, Inas R. Humairah, Vani Ardiani, Ahmad R.H. Utomo, Muhamad S. Dahlan

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3 Citations (Scopus)


INTRODUCTION To achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) target 2030, the United Nations (UN) endorsed tobacco use reduction, which is essential in decreasing unnecessary deaths caused by tobacco-induced disease. This study investigates the association between tobacco use and Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection in clinically normal uterine cervix populations from the SDGs perspective. METHODS This study is a 7-year cross-sectional study of a clinically normal uterine cervix population, based on negative Visual Inspection of Acetic Acid (VIA). Subjects were recruited consecutively from the medical records of several public and private health providers in Jakarta. The Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) for Windows version 20.0 were used to analyze the data. RESULTS A total of 1397 negative VIA subjects were collected, consisting of 4.9% (69/1397) tobacco users, and 95.1% (1328/1397) non-users. HPV-DNA positive were 4.3% (3/69) in the tobacco user group and 3.7% (49/1328) in the non-user group. Statistical analysis showed unadjusted OR was 1.19 (95% CI: 0.36-3.91, p=0.778) and adjusted OR was 1.18 (95% CI: 0.36-3.89, p=0.786). High-risk HPV (hrHPV) infections of tobacco and non-tobacco users' groups were found in 2/3 and 27/49 (55.1%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS This study showed an insignificant statistical association between tobacco use and HPV infection in normal uterine cervix. However, the proportion of hrHPV infection was higher in tobacco users than non-users. From the SDGs perspective, cervical cancer is closely related to tobacco use and poverty. Further study is needed to support this result and evaluate other co-factor role-related cervical cancer history to achieve SDGs in 2030.

Original languageEnglish
Article number64
JournalTobacco Induced Diseases
Issue numberAugust
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021


  • HPV infection
  • Negative VIA
  • Normal uterine cervix
  • SDGs
  • Tobacco use


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