The high exposure of benzoate can pose a risk to human health. It can form benzene compounds that are carcinogenic to human. The Head of National Agency for Drugs and Food Control Regulation number 36 of 2013 on Maximum Level of Food Additives Usage of Preservatives is one of the policy instrument to ancipate the risk of high exposure of preservatives, one of which is benzoate. But in reality, we can still found violation due to excessive use of benzoate which result in high exposure of benzoate. The aim of this study were to determine the exposure of benzoate to toddlers, children, and adults who consume food containing benzoate. The method used is a narrative review on literature related to the study of benzoate exposure to toddlers, children, and adults who consume the food containing benzoate using the two database which are online library of University of Indonesia and research from postgraduates of Agriculture University of Bogor which conducted on March-April 2017. The inclusion criteria used were 2007 to 2017 research on exposure of benzoate on todders, children, and adults. We obtained five literatures from narrative review. The review showed that toddlers, children and adults had high exposure of benzoate with a percentage of exposure between 60.6% -186.2% of Acceptable Daily Intake/ADI. The review showed that benzoate exposure in toddlers, children, and adults in Indonesia is higher that in other countries (France, Lebanon, Belgium and Serbia). The usage of benzoate which exceed the maximum level permitted in the regulation have caused the benzoate exposure beyond the acceptable daily intake. The Government should consider to review the maximum use levels of benzoate in food product using by Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA).
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
|Event||Seminar Nasional Penelitian dan Pengabdian pada Masyarakat (SNaPP) Kesehatan. - ID, Bandung, Indonesia|
Duration: 1 Jan 2017 → …
|Conference||Seminar Nasional Penelitian dan Pengabdian pada Masyarakat (SNaPP) Kesehatan.|
|Period||1/01/17 → …|
- preservatives, benzoate, exposure, acceptable daily intake.