Thixotropic behavior in defining particle packing density of highly filled AP/HTPB-based propellant

Afni Restasari, Luthfia Hajar Abdillah, Retno Ardianingsih, Hamonangan Rekso Diputro Sitompul, Rika Suwana Budi, Kendra Hartaya, Heri Budi Wibowo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


An alarming, asymmetric flame in rocket combustion originates from a composite solid propellant (CSP) containing defects. The defects are the result of a composition that exceeds the maximum particle packing density. Based on the structure analysis of CSP, the addition of plasticizer causes the correlation between the viscosity of CSP slurry and particle packing density to become uncertain. This work aims to investigate the influence of thixotropic behavior on the maximum particle packing density of CSP. A CSP with different thixotropic behavior was successfully produced using aluminum/plasticizer dioctyl adipate (DOA) of 12–24. During the curing process, viscosity and stress–growth were investigated. The structure of the CSP was defined using X-ray radiography. It is remarkably observed that the peak of thixotropy occurred at the 15th minute of the curing process. The particle packing density of CSP can be decisive for the relative viscosity at the peak time of thixotropic behavior. The CSP with the highest relative viscosity at the peak time was revealed to have voids in the upper part of the CSP. Thus, this parameter was proven to change the preceding parameter, viscosity that was measured at the end of mixing. Based on the stress–growth analysis, it is conceivable that the mechanism involves the time-dependent diffusion of DOA in weakening aluminum agglomerates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1767
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • Agglomeration
  • Defects
  • Deformation
  • Highly filled polymer
  • Particle packing
  • Plasticizer
  • Propellant
  • Rheology
  • Stress
  • Thixotropy


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