Background: This study evaluated thiamine levels in Indonesian children with congenital heart diseases before and after cardiopulmonary bypass and their relationship with clinical and surgical outcomes. Method: A prospective, single center cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate thiamine levels in 25 children undergoing congenital heart diseases surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass procedure. Thiamine levels were quantified using a high-performance liquid chromatography method. Result: Preoperative thiamine deficiency was observed in one subject. Thiamine levels did not differ statistically between nutritional status and clinical outcomes categories. There were no significant changes in thiamine levels before and after cardiopulmonary bypass (median pre versus post (P25–75): 50 ng/mL (59.00–116.00) and 83.00 ng/mL (70.00–101.00), p = 0.84), although a significant reduction in thiamine levels were observed with longer cardiopulmonary bypass duration (p = 0.017, R = −0.472). Conclusion: Thiamine levels were not significantly impacted by cardiac surgery except in patients undergoing extremely long cardiopulmonary bypass duration. However, clinical outcome was not affected by thiamine levels.
- cardiopulmonary bypass
- congenital heart disease