Kalina cycle is a new concept in thermodynamics that convert heat energy into mechanical energy. The heat source in this system comes from the Lahendong geothermal source. The cycle is using a mixture of solution of two liquids with different boiling points for the working fluid. Water and ammonia are the most widely used combinations with a 30% - 70% ratio in this study. With the combined benefits of comparison ratios, the Kalina cycle is able to produce better exergy efficiency and exergoeconomoic compared to conventional Rankine cycle. Kalina cycle works on thermal efficiency around 40% - 60%. The objective of this study is to find optimization in exergy efficiency and exergoeconomoic based on Kalina cycle applied in Lahendong geothermal source used MATLAB-EES. The results showed that the optimal ammonia-water mixture occurred at 130.0626 °C, 2184.791 kPa, and 51.77% of basic solution can yield exergy value 2358.88517 W and use the cost 16994.9715 $/year.
|Journal||IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science|
|Publication status||Published - 25 Jan 2018|
|Event||2nd International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference, i-TREC 2017 - Bali, Indonesia|
Duration: 3 Oct 2017 → 4 Oct 2017