Therapeutic group therapy improved self-efficacy of school age children

Cindy Cleodora, Mustikasari, Dewi Gayatri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The survival of children against disaster can be seen from their confidence in their ability (self-efficacy). Self-efficacy can help children to determine their ability against disaster as preparedness. The proper intervention to increase self-efficacy as a protective factor is a therapeutic group therapy. The aim of this research is to measure the increase of self-efficacy of school age children against earthquake and Tsunami through therapeutic group therapy. Method: This research used quasi-experimental design with pre-post-tests with control group. The sample involved in this study is 69 children, where 35 of them are in the experimental group while the rest 34 children are in the control group consisting of school children at the IV and V graders of elementary school. Results: The result of the research showed that the self-efficacy of school children is improved significantly after being treated with therapeutic group therapy (p value < 0,05), those who were not treated with therapeutic group therapy have no significant improvement (p value > 0,05). Conclusions: This research is recommended to be conducted on school age children to improve their self-efficacy against disaster through health education.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-115
Number of pages4
JournalEnfermeria Clinica
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018


  • Disaster
  • Earth quake and Tsunami
  • School children
  • Self-efficacy
  • Therapeutic group therapy


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