We present a theoretical study on the enhancement of magnetization of Fe3O4 nanoparticle system upon addition of reduced graphene oxide (rGO). Experimental data have shown that the magnetization of Fe3O4-rGO nanoparticle system increases with increasing rGO content up to about 5 wt%, but decreases back as the rGO content increases further. We propose that the enhancement is due to spin-flipping of Fe ions at the tetrahedral sites assisted by oxygen vacancies at the Fe3O4 particle boundaries. These oxygen vacancies are induced by the presence of rGO flakes that adsorb oxygen atoms from Fe3O4 particles around them. To understand the enhancement of the magnetization, we construct a tight-binding based model Hamiltonian for the Fe3O4 nanoparticle system with the concentration of oxygen vacancies being controlled by the rGO content. We calculate the magnetization as a function of the applied magnetic field for various values of rGO wt%. We use the method of dynamical mean-field theory and perform the calculations for a room temperature. Our result for rGO wt% dependence of the saturated magnetization shows a very good agreement with the existing experimental data of the Fe3O4-rGO nanoparticle system. This result may confirm that our model already carries the most essential idea needed to explain the above phenomenon of magnetization enhancement.
|Journal||IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 2 May 2017|
|Event||International Symposium on Current Progress in Functional Materials 2016, ISCPFM 2016 - Bali, Indonesia|
Duration: 26 Jul 2016 → 27 Jul 2016