The Utility of Nonroutine Intraocular Fluid Polymerase Chain Reaction for Uveitis in Indonesia

Ikhwanuliman Putera, Mei Riasanti, Lukman Edwar, Made Susiyanti, Ratna Sitompul, Yulia Aziza, Priscilla Jessica, Andriansjah Rukmana, Andi Yasmon, Rina La Distia Nora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the utility of nonroutine polymerase chain reaction analysis of intraocular fluid to guide the diagnosis of infectious uveitis. Patients and Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted by reviewing medical record data from intraocular fluid samples of uveitis patients who underwent single-plex real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis at the Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia – Cipto Mangunkusumo Kirana Eye Hospital between January 2014 and December 2018. Results: The positivity rate of nonroutine polymerase chain reaction analysis was 17.2%. The vitreous sample tended to show a higher positive outcome (28.6%) than the aqueous sample (16.2%), even though the outcome was not statistically significant. Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Toxoplasma gondii were the most frequently observed microorganisms in the polymerase chain reaction analysis among uveitis patients in our setting. The duration of symptoms, type of sample fluid (aqueous/vitreous), or presence of anterior chamber cells ≥2 were not significantly associated with polymerase chain reaction positivity (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Nonroutine polymerase chain reaction analysis of intraocular fluid among a cohort of Indonesian patients demonstrated low positivity. The sensitivity and specificity of nonroutine single-plex polymerase chain reaction could not be estimated due to limitations such as lost to follow-up patients and incomplete monitoring data. The use of multiplex polymerase chain reaction in the future may be beneficial in our setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1219-1224
Number of pages6
JournalInfection and Drug Resistance
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • aqueous humor
  • epidemiology
  • infection
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • ocular inflammation
  • vitreous humor

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