The study of leaching characteristic of arsenic (As) from sediments in Jakarta Bay and bioaccumulation of arsenic in forms of single substance and mixtures by Cyprinus carpio L.

Budiawan, Mariska Winda Asrini, Daniel Jeffry Pasaribu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Arsenic (As) is one of dangerous heavy metals which is toxic if it was accumulated by living organism and it is difficult to degrade in the environment. This research was conducted to determine the contamination level of As present in the sediment fraction, the effect of pH on the extraction process and the bioaccumulation of As by carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). The sediment sampling was conducted at three stations in Jakarta Bay waters. The fractionation test was based on TCLP (Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure). Bioaccumulation experiment was done for 28 days by giving As as a single-As and metals mixture with As in the seawater. Sediment and biota samples were analyzed by AAS. The results showed that the concentration of As in sediment was 1.008-1.552 μg/g. Based on the Dutch Quality Standards for Metals in Sediments, the tolerable concentration of As is 29 μg/g. The concentrations of arsenic by the fractionation of pH 3, 5, and 7 were 0.049-0.058 μg/g, 0.077-0.091 μg/g, and 0.045-0.069 μg/g, respectively. The concentration of a single-As accumulated by Cyprinus carpio L. in gills and flesh were 0.177 μg/g and 0.166 μg/g respectively, while as metals mixture with As were 0,166 μg/g and 0,162 μg/g respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication3rd International Seminar on Chemistry
Subtitle of host publicationGreen Chemistry and Its Role for Sustainability
EditorsFredy Kurniawan, Yuly Kusumawati, Sri Fatmawati, Hendro Juwono, Adi Setyo Purnomo
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417755
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2018
Event3rd International Seminar on Chemistry: Green Chemistry and Its Role for Sustainability, ISOC 2018 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 18 Jul 201819 Jul 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2049
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference3rd International Seminar on Chemistry: Green Chemistry and Its Role for Sustainability, ISOC 2018
CountryIndonesia
CitySurabaya
Period18/07/1819/07/18

Keywords

  • Arsenic
  • Bioaccumulation
  • Cyprinus carpio L.
  • Jakarta Bay
  • Sediment

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