The Stochastic Modelling of Endemic Diseases

Kurnia Susvitasari, Titin Siswantining

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

A study about epidemic has been conducted since a long time ago, but genuine progress was hardly forthcoming until the end of the 19th century (Bailey, 1975). Both deterministic and stochastic models were used to describe these. Then, from 1927 to 1939 Kermack and McKendrick introduced a generality of this model, including some variables to consider such as rate of infection and recovery. The purpose of this project is to investigate the behaviour of the models when we set the basic reproduction number, R0. This quantity is defined as the expected number of contacts made by a typical infective to susceptibles in the population. According to the epidemic threshold theory, when R0 ≤ 1, minor epidemic occurs with probability one in both approaches, but when R0 > 1, the deterministic and stochastic models have different interpretation. In the deterministic approach, major epidemic occurs with probability one when R0 > 1 and predicts that the disease will settle down to an endemic equilibrium. Stochastic models, on the other hand, identify that the minor epidemic can possibly occur. If it does, then the epidemic will die out quickly. Moreover, if we let the population size be large and the major epidemic occurs, then it will take off and then reach the endemic level and move randomly around the deterministic's equilibrium.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012047
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume795
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2017
EventInternational Conference on Science and Applied Science 2016, ICSAS 2016 - Surakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 19 Nov 2016 → …

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