## Abstract

A study about epidemic has been conducted since a long time ago, but genuine progress was hardly forthcoming until the end of the 19th century (Bailey, 1975). Both deterministic and stochastic models were used to describe these. Then, from 1927 to 1939 Kermack and McKendrick introduced a generality of this model, including some variables to consider such as rate of infection and recovery. The purpose of this project is to investigate the behaviour of the models when we set the basic reproduction number, R_{0}. This quantity is defined as the expected number of contacts made by a typical infective to susceptibles in the population. According to the epidemic threshold theory, when R_{0} ≤ 1, minor epidemic occurs with probability one in both approaches, but when R_{0} > 1, the deterministic and stochastic models have different interpretation. In the deterministic approach, major epidemic occurs with probability one when R_{0} > 1 and predicts that the disease will settle down to an endemic equilibrium. Stochastic models, on the other hand, identify that the minor epidemic can possibly occur. If it does, then the epidemic will die out quickly. Moreover, if we let the population size be large and the major epidemic occurs, then it will take off and then reach the endemic level and move randomly around the deterministic's equilibrium.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 012047 |

Journal | Journal of Physics: Conference Series |

Volume | 795 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 10 Feb 2017 |

Event | International Conference on Science and Applied Science 2016, ICSAS 2016 - Surakarta, Indonesia Duration: 19 Nov 2016 → … |