The shape conversion of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) through heating and its application as a homogeneous catalyst in the reduction of 4-nitrophenol is reported here. Synthesis of AgNPs by reduction of AgNO3 using NaBH4 and sodium citrate as reducing agent were successfully conducted. The addition of PVP was used as stabilizing agent. The synthesized AgNPs were heated at 95 °C and observed using UV-Vis spectrophotometer, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier-transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and particle size analyzer (PSA). Characteristics of AgNPs before heated were blue with UV- Vis absorbance spectrum at λmax = 786 nm and the shape was pseudo nano prism sized 28 nm. During the heating process, the color changed gradually from blue (λmax = 786 nm) to orange (λmax = 486 nm) and also its shape from nano prism to nanodisk. Silver nano prism has a lattice constant, 4.160 Å, larger than the silver nanodisk, 4.081 Å, which was possibly achieved through rearrangement of silver atoms on the surface of AgNPs. Both silver nanodisk and nano prism were tested as a homogeneous catalyst for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4- NP) with NaBH4.
|Journal||IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Feb 2016|
|Event||10th Joint Conference on Chemistry - Solo, Indonesia|
Duration: 8 Sept 2015 → 9 Sept 2015