The self-esteem of gay men with HIV/AIDS in social adaptation

Yayu Handayani, Herni Susanti, Mustikasari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Objective: The stigma and discrimination experienced by gay men with HIV/AIDS may lead to various psychosocial problems, one of Savewhich is low self-esteem. This condition might affect their attempts to adapt to the social environment. The objective of this study was to investigate self-esteem among gay men with HIV/AIDS in social adaptation. Method: This study had a descriptive qualitative design and employed snowball sampling to recruit nine participants. The data were analyzed using thematic analysis. Results: We identified three themes in this study: (1) self-esteem of gay men with HIV/AIDS, (2) the influence of self-esteem on social adaptation, and (3) coping mechanisms for social adaptation. Conclusion: In the social domain, stigma and negative perceptions within the society affect the participants’ self-esteem. This paper provides suggestions for non-governmental organizations and health services to assist gay men with HIV/AIDS in overcoming low self-esteem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)874-878
Number of pages5
JournalEnfermeria Clinica
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • Gay
  • Self-esteem
  • Social adaptation


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