The role of reflection of difficult life experiences on wisdom

Riana Sahrani, Rudolf Woodrow Matindas, Bagus Takwin, Winarini Wilman Mansoer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The goal of this research was to find out the role of reflection of difficult life experience towards wisdom attainment. It consisted of four stages, by using questionnaires and interviews. The questionnaires used were Wise Person Characteristic, Wisdom, Reflection, Reflection Strategy, and Difficult Life Experience Questionnaire. The participants consisted of 29 nominators, 30 nominees (18 wisdom nominees and 12 less-nominated), and 110 laypersons. Results revealed that the reflection of difficult life experience has significant role in achieving one's wisdom. Wisdom and reflection increase with age on people nominated as wise. As well as lay persons who got high score on the questionnaires. People nominated as wise used self-distanced reflection strategy, showed positive characteristics, do self-reflection, be grateful, supported, dan have role models. While non wise people used self-immersed reflection strategy, tended to be less able to overcome problems, focus on negativity, less in self-reflection, and regrets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-323
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Difficult life experience
  • Reflection
  • Self-distanced
  • Self-immersed
  • Wisdom


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