This study investigated the role of optimism as a mediator between job demands and burnout. The researcher used measuring instruments from the Job Demands-Resources Questionnaire (2014), the Maslach Burnout Inventory–General Survey adapted by Radityaputra (2012), and optimism evaluation from the Psychological Capital Questionnaire (2007). The sample was composed 156 owners of micro, small, and medium enterprises in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, and Bekasi. The results show that the hypothesis is not proven; that is, optimism does not serve as a mediator between job demands and burnout. This seems to be influenced by high levels of optimism, low job demands, and low burnout in the research respondents. It is also likely to be influenced by old business, so that the respondents’ previous experiences, challenges and job demands are not now affecting their level of optimism. Meanwhile, optimism level for entrepreneurs is significant and negatively affects burnout, while job demands are significant and positively affect burnout.
|Title of host publication||Promoting Well-Being in a Multicultural Society|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||17|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2020|
- Job demands