The Role of MgO as Swelling Cements Admixtures under CO2 Attack on API Class-G Cement

Juniarto M. Palilu, Bambang Soegijono, Bonar T.H. Marbun

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


API Class-G Portland cement commonly put in as zonal isolation material in oil and/or gas well. Corrosion against the well zonal isolation material could lead to potential leakage of formation fluid such oil, gas, or water. It is widely known that ordinary Portland cement is thermodinamically unstable in CO2 rich environment, which can be found in the CO2 geological sequestration. CO2 attack on API Class-G cement had been observed through experiments that simulate the down hole condition of Geological Sequestration of CO2. Some of the experiment reveal the detrimental effect of CO2 such as increase of porosity and permeability of cement sheath corroded by CO2 attack. The degradation of API Class-G cement by CO2 involves emergence and crystallization of CaCO3 from Ca(OH)2 which is formed during hydration of cement. In this experiment, we examine the role of addition of MgO swelling cement by weight fraction to mitigate the corrosion caused by CO2 against downhole hardened API Class-G cement thus inhibits the occurrence of leakage path of CO2. Observation for characterization and analysis by XRD, optical microscope, and cement paste uniaxial volumetric expansion presented in this paper. The conclusion will provide insights into design of carbonation resistant cement slurries using swelling cements admixtures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012036
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 9 Oct 2019
Event7th Biannual International Conference on Mathematics and Natural Sciences, ICMNS 2018 - Bandung, West Java, Indonesia
Duration: 2 Nov 20183 Nov 2018


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