The Role of Knowledge, Attitude, Confidence, and Sociodemographic Factors in COVID-19 Vaccination Adherence among Adolescents in Indonesia: A Nationwide Survey

Defi Efendi, Sabira Ridha Rifani, Ariesta Milanti, Ferry Efendi, Cho Lee Wong, Yeni Rustina, Dessie Wanda, Dian Sari, Ivonne Junita Fabanjo, Elzina Dina De Fretes, Rini Wahyuni Mohamad, Oktoviandi Sawasemariay, Ruth Harriet Faidiban, Qoriah Nur, Indah Benita Tiwery, Mega Hasanul Huda, Oktovina Mobalen, Nuraidah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

COVID-19 vaccination in adolescents is important because the adolescent population has the highest incidence of COVID-19. This study aimed to explore the factors associated with COVID-19 vaccination adherence among Indonesian adolescents. This cross-sectional study involved 7986 adolescents, polled through online and offline surveys conducted in six major islands of Indonesia. The online questionnaire was distributed through popular social messaging and social media platforms. Our team also contacted schools and public places to recruit participants from remote areas. In total, 7299 respondents completed the questionnaire. Binary logistic analysis revealed that higher levels of knowledge, positive attitudes, and confidence in the COVID-19 vaccine were significantly associated with higher COVID-19 vaccination adherence in adolescents. Sociodemographic factors were also significantly associated with higher adherence to vaccination programs. Meanwhile, younger age and habitation in private housing were related to lower adherence to the vaccination program. Parental factors related to adolescent compliance were education level, household income, history of infection of family or friends with COVID-19, and working status. The national authorities and stakeholders should take extensive measures to increase attitude, knowledge, confidence, and family support among adolescence through multiple channels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1489
JournalVaccines
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • adherence
  • adolescents
  • attitude
  • confidence
  • COVID-19
  • knowledge
  • sociodemographic factors
  • vaccination

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Role of Knowledge, Attitude, Confidence, and Sociodemographic Factors in COVID-19 Vaccination Adherence among Adolescents in Indonesia: A Nationwide Survey'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this