The role of endoscopic ultrasound for portal hypertension in liver cirrhosis

Cosmas Rinaldi Adithya Lesmana, Maria Satya Paramitha, Rino A. Gani, Laurentius A. Lesmana

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chronic liver disease is still a major problem because disease progression will ultimately lead to liver cirrhosis. Portal hypertension is the hallmark in advanced liver disease management. By establishing portal vein access, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has been utilized in various clinical applications. In comparison to standard upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, EUS-Doppler has been shown to be a better modality for detecting esophageal and gastric varices along with peri-esophageal collateral veins, para-esophageal collateral veins, and perforating veins, and may be used to objectively predict the recurrence of bleeding. EUS-guided portal vein catheterization has also been proposed to overcome the limitations of trans-jugular approaches. The combination of EUS-elastography and azygos vein evaluation can also enhance the diagnostic accuracy of each modality. Another well-known implementation of EUS-guided procedures is in the management of ascites; particularly in paracentesis and ascitic fluid analysis. In addition, the most common clinical application of EUS in the treatment of portal hypertension is through vascular therapy or creation of intrahepatic portosystemic shunts. Major drawbacks of EUS mainly revolve around technical difficulties, the high cost of the procedure, as well as the requirement of more studies in humans to evaluate EUS-guided advanced therapeutic modalities in portal hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-370
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Medical Ultrasonics
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Endoscopic ultrasound
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Portal hypertension

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