The Role of City Spatial Plan (RTRW) on Regional Development in Depok City (West Java Province)

Fikhi Luthfiah, Guswandi Guswandi, Hayuning Anggrahita

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Depok City plays a crucial role as one of the buffer cities in the Jakarta Metropolitan Area (JMA). Therefore, it has been designated as a residential area and an inter-city connection point, leading to development and subsequent land conversion. However, unchecked land conversion can pose environmental threats and significantly impact economic and social conditions, such as reducing food security capacity as well as augmenting exclusion and marginalization of the urban poor. To manage this situation, the Depok City Government implemented a local regulation known as the City Spatial Plan (RTRW). This was specifically carried out to control land resource allocation, serve as a reference for spatial planning and regional development, as well as integrate and guide all activities related to development within the city. This study aimed to analyze the current development level in Depok City and assess the impact of RTRW on this development. To achieve this, a composite index was used to determine the regional development level, while a chi-square test was employed to explore the correlation between RTRW regulations and the regional development level. The development of Depok was evident in its growth towards the north, south, and southeast. Although the implementation of RTRW played a significant role in encouraging regional development in the city, disparities were still observed in development levels throughout the region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-329
Number of pages10
JournalIndonesian Journal of Geography
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • accessibility
  • infrastructure
  • population
  • regional development index
  • urban planning


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