The role of apolipoprotein e polymorphism in improving dyslipidemia in obese adolescents following physical exercise and National Cholesterol Education Program Step II intervention

Lanny C. Gultom, Damayanti Rusli Sjarif, Herawati A. Sudoyo, Muchtaruddin Mansyur, Sri Rezeki S. Harun Hadinegoro, Suzanna Immanuel, Mexitalia Setiawati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Lifestyle changes are important factors for managing dyslipidemia before considering blood lipid-lowering drugs. However, genetic factors can influence the response outcome. Objective: We aimed to determine a dyslipidemia management strategy in obese adolescents. Patients and methods: A total of 60 dyslipidemic obese adolescents received physical exercise and the NCEP step II diet for 28 days. Apolipoprotein E (apo E) genotypes and blood lipid levels were compared before and after interventions. Results: The apo E3/E3 genotype was found to be common in all subjects. Mean levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) improved in subjects with the E3 allele after the intervention, but not the E2 allele. Total cholesterol and LDL-C, but not triglyceride levels, improved in subjects with the E4 allele. Discussion: Apo E alleles might influence improvement in lipid profiles after diet and exercise interventions. These results could inform personalized dyslipidemia management in obese adolescents, to determine which subjects would benefit from blood lipid-lowering drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-603
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume28
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2015

Keywords

  • Apo E
  • dyslipidemia
  • NCEP step II diet
  • physical exercise

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