The role of angioembolization and C-clamp fixation: Damaged control orthopaedic in haemodynamically unstable pelvic fracture

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Abstract

Introduction: Unstable pelvic fracture may emerge to major bleeding complication. Angioembolization is one of method to stop the bleeding effectively. This case series aims to analyze whether the bleeding of unstable pelvic fracture is managed by angioembolization to achieve the better functional outcome. Presentation of case: Three cases of haemodynamically unstable pelvic fracture were studied retrospectively and prospectively. A staged approach using damage control orthopaedic surgery was performed. Initial resuscitation began from fluid resuscitation, pelvic wrapping using binder. All patients followed with pelvic external fixation, while 2 patients immediately replaced binder to C-Clamp, and 1 patient with anterior frame. Angioembolization was done to all patients. All patients required definitive internal fixation, while only 2 patients reach the definitive surgery. Finally, we measured the functional outcome of all patients using Hannover Pelvic score, Majeed pelvic score, and Iowa Pelvic score. Discussion: We review some literatures regarding pelvic angioembolization. The previous study suggested to resuscitate patients when the hemodynamic is unstable, the angioembolization procedure is still preferred. The indication and successful definition of this procedure is still unclear, yet it shows decrease of mortality rate of pelvic injury if this procedure starts ahead a schedule. Conclusion: Angioembolization as a part of damaged control orthopaedic has been shown a favorable result in managing unstable pelvic injury.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102157
JournalAnnals of Medicine and Surgery
Volume63
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Angiographic embolization
  • Pelvic fracture
  • Pelvic injury

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