This paper aims to explain the role of actors in the social network in competing for access and control over valuable resources gained from social assistance programs. This research is a qualitative study, with the data collected through interviews and observation. The study finds that as an area that is considered as a poor area due to its massive sedimentation, Kampung Laut in Segara Anakan has been regarded as a remote area and thus various community based social empowerment programs have been conducted there. The actors, both those who own the power to control and those who do not, seek to gain valuable resources by competing for legitimacy in the community. The social control runs by the actors in managing the social assistance programs involves the social networks and the power that the actors create and possess. The conclusion of this study is that the structural functional perspective, despite its rich explanation on values and norms, is insufficient in describing complex and heterogeneous communities which are permeated with diverse interpretations and interests. The suggestion that can be offered by this research is that future researches that aim to study the diversity of the community have to observe appropriate theoretical perspectives so that it will be relevant to the development of the community itself.
|Journal||Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2018|