The risks of using tranexamic acid and vitamin k for decreasing prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time values in intracranial hemorrhagic patients at rumah sakit umum pusat fatmawati jakarta

Siti Zamilatul Azkiyah, Sudibyo Supardi, Retnosari Andrajati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Intracranial hemorrhaging is a life-threatening condition that requires intensive treatment. Such hemorrhaging can happen spontaneously and may be caused by vascular malformations, trauma, or the administration of anticoagulant medications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the risks of using tranexamic acid and Vitamin K for decreasing prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) values in intracranial hemorrhagic patients. Methods: This study used a retrospective cohort design, and data were taken from patients’ medical records at the medical record installation of Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Fatmawati in Jakarta. A total of 125 medical records were selected based on the inclusion criteria. The first group included patients receiving only tranexamic acid, and the second group consisted of patients receiving both tranexamic acid and Vitamin K. Results: Statistical analysis using Chi-squared testing for the first group showed a significant decrease in aPTT values, with p=0.000 (p<0.05), but there was no significant decrease in PT values, with p=0.314 (p<0.05). Statistical analysis using Chi-squared testing in the second group showed a significant decrease in aPTT values, with p=0.000 (p<0.05), and a significant decrease in PT values, with p=0.034 (p<0.05). Patients that used tranexamic acid and Vitamin K decreased the PT and aPTT values 2.7 times and 1, 6 times greater than patients without tranexamic acid and Vitamin K. Patients that used tranexamic acid decreased the PT and aPTT values 2.5 times and 1.2 times greater than patients without tranexamic acid. Conclusions: The combination of tranexamic acid and Vitamin K is potentially more effective in decreasing of hemorrhaging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-141
Number of pages3
JournalAsian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Volume10
Issue numberSpecial Issue October
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Activated partial thromboplastin time
  • Anticoagulant
  • Prothrombin time
  • Tranexamic acid
  • Vitamin K

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