The Relationship Between Sleep Bruxism and Temporomandibular Disorders: A Systematic Review

Christian Lokita, Lia Kartika Wulansari, Ira Tanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


TMD is known to be one of the major health concerns in the stomatognathic system, and bruxism is one of the causes of TMD. This article reviews the literature on the relationship between sleep bruxism and TMD. A systematic search by the PICO method was carried out on several databases. The inclusion criteria were subjects age ≥ 18 years old, either male or female. All literature was written in English within the past ten years. A questionnaire was used to examine sleep bruxism. A total of seven articles were used for this review. Out of seven articles, five were descriptive cross-sectional study designs, one was a casecontrol study design, and one was a retrospective cohort study design. Bruxism was found to have a relationship to TMD. The presence of bruxism significantly increases risks factors for TMD pain, which may develop further into other conditions. How bruxism is related to TMD and the possible influence of various conditions and demographics makes further studies required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)392-402
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Bruxism
  • Sleep bruxism
  • Temporomandibular disorders
  • Tmd


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