Background: The prevalence of HIV/AIDS, especially among Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM), is increasing. Disease transmission occurs because of the low use of condoms. This study aimed to identify the relationship between condom self-effi-cacy and spirituality in condom use behavior. Design and Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design with consecutive sampling techniques. It involved 251 people living with HIV & AIDS (PLWH) MSM. Chi-square test was used in bivariate analysis and then continued with the logistic regression analysis for multivariate analysis. Results: The results show that there was a significant relationship between condom self-efficacy and condom use behavior with p value <0.05 (OR = 11.298; 95% CI: 4.35-20.1, p value=0.000) and spirituality towards condom use behavior p-value < 0.05 (OR = 3.405; 95% CI: 0.85-3.21, p value: 0.00). In multivariate analysis of multiple logistic regression, condom self-efficacy is the factor that predominantlyinfluences condom use behaviour. Conclusions: To improve the consistency of condom use, nurses need to prioritize interventions such as counselling activi-ties that focus on increasing self-confidence (self-efficacy). mme.
- Condom use
- Men who have sex with men (MSM)