The relationship between mother's oral health behavior and the child's first permanent molar caries rate

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Abstract

A mother has a very important role in shaping the oral health behavior of her child because the mother tends to be the main caregiver in the family. The first permanent molars are susceptible to caries because these teeth are the first permanent teeth that erupt and many people do not know their location. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between a mother's oral behaviors with the caries rate of her child's first permanent molars. This study was done with an analytical descriptive cross-sectional design. The variables used were to correlate the mother's oral health behaviors with the caries rate of the child's first permanent molars. The questioner assessed the oral health behaviors of mothers through a knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) survey, and the caries assessments were done according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Oral health behaviors of the mothers were assessed from her oral health knowledge, attitude, and practice. Statistical analyses were performed with Mann Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis comparison tests, as well as Spearman correlation tests. Comparison tests between the mothers' and children's characteristics with the caries rate of the first permanent molars showed there was no significant difference (p ≥ 0.05). A correlation test between oral health behaviors and caries rate of the first permanent molar showed a strong (r ≥ 0.66) and significant (p ≤ 0.05) correlation. A correlation test between mothers' oral health behaviors and their oral health knowledge, attitude, and practice showed a strong (r ≥ 0.66) and significant (p ≤ 0.05) correlation. It can be concluded that there was a significant correlation between oral health behaviors of the mothers and the caries rate of the children's first permanent molar. It can also be concluded that there was no correlation between the mothers' age, educational level, and employment status with the caries rate of the children's first permanent molar. There was a significant correlation between the mothers' behavior and the caries rate of the first permanent molar. There was also a correlation between the mothers' oral health behavior and their oral health knowledge, attitude, and practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1022-1027
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Volume11
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Caries rate of the first permanent molar
  • Mother's behavior
  • Oral health attitude
  • Oral health knowledge
  • Oral health practice

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