The prediction of mobile data traffic based on the arima model and disruptive formula in industry 4.0: A case study in Jakarta, Indonesia

Ajib Setyo Arifin, Muhammad Idham Habibie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Disruptive technologies, which are caused by the cellular evolution including the Internet of Things (IoT), have significantly contributed data traffic to the mobile telecommunication network in the era of Industry 4.0. These technologies cause erroneous predictions prompting mobile operators to upgrade their network, which leads to revenue loss. Besides, the inaccuracy of network prediction also creates a bottleneck problem that affects the performance of the telecommunication network, especially on the mobile backhaul. We propose a new technique to predict more accurate data traffic. This research used a univariate Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) model combined with a new disruptive formula. Another model, called a disruptive formula, uses a judgmental approach based on four variables: Political, Economic, Social, Technological (PEST), cost, time to market, and market share. The disruptive formula amplifies the ARIMA calculation as a new combination formula from the judgmental and statistical approach. The results show that the disruptive formula combined with the ARIMA model has a low error in mobile data forecasting compared to the conventional ARIMA. The conventional ARIMA shows the average mobile data traffic to be 49.19 Mb/s and 156.93 Mb/s for the 3G and 4G, respectively; whereas the ARIMA with disruptive formula shows more optimized traffic, reaching 56.72 Mb/s and 199.73 Mb/s. The higher values in the ARIMA with disruptive formula are closest to the prediction of the mobile data forecast. This result suggests that the combination of statistical and computational approach provide more accurate prediction method for the mobile backhaul networks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)907-918
Number of pages12
JournalTelkomnika (Telecommunication Computing Electronics and Control)
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020


  • Capacity planning
  • Disruptive formula
  • Industry 4.0
  • IoT
  • Prediction methods


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