The orientation of microfinance regarding group-lending strategy: Delphi and analytic network process evidence

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Abstract

The objective of this paper is to determine the dominant orientation of microfinance providers in serving poor and micro-small enterprises through the use of group-lending approaches. The research analysed the decision-making processes undertaken by microfinance providers in their conduct of group lending. Recent developments in microfinance practice, in which the focus on achieving financial sustainability (commercial orientation) dominates, are leading to a shift away from the sector's original socially orientated mission. This research is therefore aimed at addressing a developing gap in the study of financial intermediation with respect to the orientation of microfinance. Complexity in the relationships between causal and mediating factors, together with random environmental noise, causes difficulties in determining intangible and immeasurable parameters. Taking these conditions into consideration, this study employed Delphi and analytic network process (ANP) approaches as its methodology. Based on Delphi-ANP analysis of four main aspects of microfinance - objective, outreach, services, and impact, this study revealed that, in general, the social orientation of microfinance institutions still existed in their group-lending strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-212
Number of pages16
JournalPertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Volume27
Issue numberS2
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Commercial orientations
  • Financial intermediation
  • Group lending
  • Microfinance
  • Microfinance mission
  • Microfinance orientations
  • Mission drift
  • Social orientations

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