Background: Mortality and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) frequently occur after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Therefore, the ability to predict such events through an established risk stratification method is of great importance. The present study was aimed at determining the risk stratification of mortality and MACE in post-PCI patients at the intensive cardiac care unit of Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital (CMH) using 7 variables of the New Mayo Clinic Risk Score (NMCRS). Methods: This cross-sectional study drew upon secondary data gathered from the medical records of 313 patients that underwent PCI at the intensive cardiac care unit (ICCU) of CMH between August 1st, 2013, and August 31st, 2014. The primary end point was all-cause mortality and MACE. Seven variables in the NMCRS, namely age, left ventricular ejection fraction, serum creatinine, preprocedural cardiogenic shock, myocardial infarction, and peripheral arterial disease, were evaluated. Results: The mortality and MACE incidence rates in the post-PCI patients were 3.8% (95%CI: 2.6-5.0) and 8.3% (95% CI: 6.6-10.0), respectively. Regarding the NMCRS stratification, elderly patients with lower left ventricular ejection fraction, increased serum creatinine, preprocedural cardiogenic shock, myocardial infarction, and peripheral arterial disease had higher mortality and MACE incidence rates among the post-PCI patients. The mortality and MACE incidence rates significantly increased in the post-PCI patients with a higher NMCRS. Conclusion: Patients with a higher NMCRS had a tendency toward higher mortality and MACE incidence rates following PCI.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Tehran University Heart Center|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
- Acute coronary syndrome
- Percutaneous coronary intervention