The Management of Nocturia by Indonesian Urologist

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Abstract

Nocturia is defined as the number of times urine is passed during main sleep. Prevalence of nocturia is around 70% and 11-44% for age group 70-80 and 20-40 years respectively. Although, it is clearly prevalent, nocturia is just seen as a small part of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). The objective of the study was to review nocturia in terms of diagnostic and management strategies among Indonesian urologists. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. A self-constructed questionnaire was distributed to Indonesian urologists from August 2017 until August 2018 using consecutive sampling method. 124 urologists out of 400 urologists participated. in this study most of the urologists had to face 1-5 cases nocturia per month. Age of patients were mostly 50-65 years old and affecting more men than women (66.9% vs 16.9% respectively). Only 45% of urologists utilized bladder diary regularly to assess nocturia. Nearly 90% urologist opted for lifestyle intervention to manage nocturia. Desmopressin was used by only 20.2% urologists to treat nocturia. Anti-muscarinic and beta-3 agonist were used more often than desmopressin to treat nocturia. To conclude, diagnostic strategies for nocturia are mostly in line with available guidelines except for bladder diary which was only used routinely by 45% of urologists. As for treatment, desmopressin was still prescribed less frequently than OAB drugs for nocturia.

Keywords: nocturia, urology, LU
Original languageEnglish
JournaleJournal Kedokteran Indonesia
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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