The influence of sun drying process and prolonged storage on composition of essential oil from clove buds (Syzygium aromaticum)

L. T. Hastuti, Endang Saefudin, Antonius Herry Cahyana, D. U.C. Rahayu, V. W. Murni, J. Haib

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Clove (Syzygium aromaticum) is native to Indonesia and used as a spice in virtually all of the world's cuisine. Clove bud oil, a yellow liquid, is obtained from distillation of buds. The quality of oil is influenced by origin, post-harvest processing, pre-treatment before distillation, the distillation method, and post-distillation treatment. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of drying process and prolonged storage on essential oil composition of clove bud from the Tolitoli, Indonesia. To determine the effect of drying, fresh clove bud was dried under sunlight until it reached moisture content 13±1 %. The effect of storage was studied in the oil extracted from clove bud that was stored in laboratory at 25 °C for 4 months. The essential oil of each treatment was obtained by steam distillation and its chemical composition was analyzed by GC/MS. The major components found in fresh and dried clove are as follows: eugenol, eugenyl acetate, and caryophyllene. Percentage of caryophyllene was slightly increase after drying but decrease during storage. While the content of eugenyl acetate decreased during drying and storage, the content of eugenol increased. The drying and storage also affect to the change on minor compounds of essential oil of clove.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016
EditorsKiki Ariyanti Sugeng, Djoko Triyono, Terry Mart
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415362
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2017
Event2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016 - Depok, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
Duration: 1 Nov 20162 Nov 2016

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1862
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016
CountryIndonesia
CityDepok, Jawa Barat
Period1/11/162/11/16

Keywords

  • Clove oil
  • drying
  • GC/MS
  • storage
  • Syzygium aromaticum

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    Hastuti, L. T., Saefudin, E., Cahyana, A. H., Rahayu, D. U. C., Murni, V. W., & Haib, J. (2017). The influence of sun drying process and prolonged storage on composition of essential oil from clove buds (Syzygium aromaticum). In K. A. Sugeng, D. Triyono, & T. Mart (Eds.), International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016 [030092] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1862). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4991196