The Improvement of Patient's Quality of Life After Kidney Transplantation in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Indonesia

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Abstract

Objectives: Kidney transplantation has become the chosen kidney replacement therapy for end stage chronic kidney disease. In Indonesia, no study about quality of life (QoL) in kidney transplantation recipient after surgery has been done. This study aims to determine whether there is a significant difference in the recipient's QoL before and after kidney transplantation surgery. Methods and Materials: This was a prospective study using Kidney Disease QoL-Short Form (KDQoL-SF) questionnaire before and after surgery (first, third, and sixth month). Samples were consecutively taken from January 2016 until May 2016 and followed up to December 2016. KDQoL-SF has been validated in Indonesian language to assess recipient's QoL (Cronbach alfa >0,6). The data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software 21.0 version and repeated analysis of variance with posthoc comparison Bonferroni was used. Results: There were 33 patients included in this study from January through December 2016. The average age was 44.6 ± 12.88 years old, and average body mass index was 23.8 ± 3.74 kg/m2. The most frequent comorbidity was hypertension (32, 97%). Compared to baseline, the QoL in recipients increased at the first, third, and sixth month after their operation. Major changes in the perceived QoL were noted only between the preoperative stage (median, 50%; interquartile range, [IQR]) ±20) and 1 month after operation (median, 90%; IQR, 0). Conclusions: This study showed that there were significant improvements in almost all aspect in recipient's QoL after kidney transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)632-637
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

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