The Impact on Working Conditions and Income Amongst Internists in Indonesia: Lesson Learned from the COVID-19 Pandemic

Sally Aman Nasution, Lugyanti Sukrisman, Simon Salim, Ni Made Hustrini, Rudi Hidayat, Evy Yunihastuti, Ceva W. Pitoyo, Andhika Rachman, Sayang Rahmadini, Ginulur Gensyaf Adgani, Nurul Inayah Rahmani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Internists are at the forefront of providing care for COVID-19 patients. This situation adds more strain on already overburdened internists, particularly in Indonesia, where resources are scarce and unevenly distributed. The pandemic altered working conditions due to restrictions and regulatory changes. Multiple evidence exists for the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on physicians' well-being, but less is known about its impact on their work dynamics and livelihoods. This study provides some lessons learned during the COVID-19 pandemic regarding the changes in working conditions and earnings experienced by Indonesian internists. There were 3,115 and 1,772 participants in the first and second survey, respectively. After one year, the proportion of internists handling COVID-19 cases, including critical COVID-19 cases, increased; with fewer internists over 60 years old involved. Working hours, number of patients, and monthly earnings decreased for the majority of internists. The increased workload was experienced by most participants one year of the pandemic, predominantly reported by female internists. The COVID-19 pandemic caused a considerable impact on working conditions and income amongst internists in Indonesia. These findings may provide information to institutions in formulating strategies and tools to improve the working conditions and livelihoods of internists in Indonesia amidst the pandemic and potential public health emergencies in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-125
Number of pages10
JournalActa medica Indonesiana
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2024


  • COVID-19
  • monthly earnings
  • working conditions


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