The Impact of Al3+ ion substitution on microwave absorption of hexaferrite compound Ba0.6Sr0.4Fe12−xAlxO19 (x = 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, and 1.00)

Yohanes Edi Gunanto, Henni Sitompul, Maya Puspitasari Izaak, Eric Jobiliong, Y. Yunasfi, Jan Setiawan, Wisnu Ari Adi, Azwar Manaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper discusses the impact of Al3+ ion substitution on Fe3+ ions in the hexaferrite compound Ba0.6Sr0.4Fe12−xAlxO19 on the reflection loss value and bandwidth in absorbing microwaves. Hexaferrite Ba0.6Sr0.4Fe12−xAlxO19 (x = 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, and 1.00) was synthesized by high-energy ball milling (HEBM) for forty hours, followed by sintering at 1000 °C in the air for five hours. Then, the crystal structure, formed phase, surface morphology, magnetization, and ability to absorb microwaves in the X-band region were successively characterized. All samples (x = 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, and 1.00) had a single phase with a hexagonal crystal structure. The particle size remained heterogeneous, ranging from 200 to 300 nm, with a platelet-like shape. The maximum amount of magnetic energy that could be absorbed by the material (Ms) increases from x = 0.25 to 0.75 and then decreases slightly for x = 1.00. The maximum value of reflection loss (RLmax) decreases as x increases. For x = 0.25, RLmax is − 16.17 dB (f = 11.06 GHz) with a bandwidth of 3.56 GHz, whereas for x = 1.0, RLmax is −13.94 dB (f = 11.14 GHz) with a bandwidth of 1.68 GHz.

Original languageEnglish
Article number025002
JournalPhysica Scripta
Volume99
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2024

Keywords

  • absorber
  • BaSrFeAlO
  • bandwidth
  • microwaves
  • milling

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