The Greater Jakarta Area Commuters Travelling Pattern

Tri Tjahjono, Andyka Kusuma, Ahmad Septiawan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The Jakarta greater area has a high proportion of commuters who commutes daily from the municipals, i.e. Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi (JABODETABEK). Jakarta introduces the first Light Rail Transit (LRT); the first phase serves the eastern part of Jakarta and Dukuh Atas (Jakarta CBD). Most of the commuter prefers either uses private vehicles (i.e. car, and motorcycle) rather than public transport. Motorcycle has a higher accident risk compared to travelling modes. A travel diary survey in this study captures the commuting pattern (prospective LRT passenger) which assists the stakeholder in optimising the network. This study identifies that the availability of a kind and reliable time table, and pedestrian facility encourage the commuter shifting to involve in active transport. 42% of the respondents accept to walk up 300m rather than uses a motorcycle taxi for their first and last mile, if they have well-designed pedestrian network and facility. Public transport integration is a need for the commuter (17%), where they can transfer from one mode to the others. Pricing policy may attract the commuters, 69% of the respondents prefer zoning system rather than a flat tariff system. Tariff differentiation (i.e. concession, off-peak ticket) may shift the commuter travelling pattern, which assists public transport optimisation and efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-592
Number of pages8
JournalTransportation Research Procedia
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020
Event22nd EURO Working Group on Transportation Meeting, EWGT 2019 - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: 18 Sep 201920 Sep 2019


  • Commuters patterns
  • last-mile trip
  • public transport integration
  • the first


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