The factors affecting the quality of life of kidney transplantation patients at the Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital in Jakarta, Indonesia

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Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the quality of life (QoL) patients with kidney transplantation and the influencing factors. Methods: This cross-sectional study used a purposive sampling data collection method that involved 110 patients who met the inclusion criteria. The QoL were measured using the abbreviated form of the World Health Organization's Quality of Life questionnaire. The data was analyzed using proportions, the chi-squared test, and a multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: The QoLs of the kidney transplant patients at the Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital in Jakarta, Indonesia were generally good (71.8%). The factors affecting the patients’ QoLs were the age (p = 0.002), educational level (p = 0.001), employment status (p = 0.010), family support (p = 0.024), and Immunosuppressant medication adherence (p = 0.009). The dominant factor affecting the QoL was the educational level (odds ratio = 11.490). Conclusion: The patients’ QoLs were influenced by their ages, educational levels, employment statuses, family support, and immunosuppressant medication adherence.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnfermeria Clinica
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Kidney transplantation
  • Level of education
  • Quality of life

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